Login | Register | Advertise | About Us | Contact Us  
 
   
    H O M E   >>  A R T I C L E S















PCB Designing For Engineers


Subscribe to Electronicsforu.com
   

PCB DESIGNING FOR ENGINEERS


With the announcement of government of India’s manufacturing policy expected soon, the stage seems to be well set for robust growth in the PCB market in near future, opening up a minefield of opportunities for PCB designers

MONIKA BHATI



For any electronics product, printed circuit board (PCB) forms the basic foundation for interconnecting and packaging. PCBs are used to mechanically support and electrically connect electronic components using conductive pathways, tracks or signal traces etched from copper sheets laminated on a non-conductive  substrate (source: Wikipedia). PCBs are also referred to as printed wiring boards (PWBs), or etched wiring boards, which have evolved over the years from uncomplicated single- and double-sided plated-through-hole (PTH) to become multi-layered PCBs.

The fortunes of the PCB industry depend on the health of IT, telecom, automobile, electronic gaming and consumer electronics. Due to the rapid growth of the electronics industry worldwide, the global PCB market has witnessed a remarkable growth over the last two decades.


What’s the market like?

Japan and Asia-Pacific collectively contribute a major share to the global PCB market. Amongst Asian countries, India and China are central to the growth of the PCB industry, thanks to the rapid expansion of electronic manufacturing bases. This growth is triggered by the shifting of production activities and facilities of key multinational players in these countries.

The demand from automotive electronics segment drives a positive outlook for the PCB market over the next few years. As electronic components account for a fair portion of the overall value of materials consumed in cars’ production, the stage seems to be well set for robust growth in the PCB market in near future. “Without PCB, we can not expect any electronic circuit. Since a PCB provides physical support as well as interconnections between different electronic components, there exist great opportunities as well as very good growth in this field worldwide,” says Shavinder Singla, deputy engineer in PCB Lab at Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC), Mohali.

K. Krithiga, technical lead at CADD Center, adds, “For electricals and electronics engineering (EEE) and electronics communication engineering (EC) students, this is a good field to start their career. What they have studied during their engineering course, they should apply to circuit design and PCB design. Initially, engineering graduates can enter into this field as a circuit designer or a board designer.”

A glimpse

PCB designers are key persons in research and development (R&D), electronics production units as well as in the PCB industry. A PCB designer’s job comes with a lot of responsibilities. “Nowadays it’s not only about making interconnections between electronic components but also understanding the functioning of the circuit. It is often observed that a circuit which functions well when assembled over a bread board may or may not function properly over a poorly designed PCB layout. Depending upon the complexity of the circuit or PCB it may take two to three days for system engineers to locate and rectify the problems,” Singla says.

There can be numerous reasons for such kind of failures; PCB design and fabrication being one of them. “If a PCB is not designed or fabricated as per the circuit requirements, the circuit may not function at all, or function partially. Generally, circuit designers overlook the PCB design/fabrication part so as to reduce the product’s time-to-market or to compensate for the delay. Sometimes PCB designers or fabricators are not allowed to devote sufficient time as intended,” Singla explains.


"Without PCB, we can not expect any electronic circuit. Since a PCB provides physical support as well as interconnections between different electronic components, there exist great opportunities as well as very good growth in this field worldwide."

— Shavinder Singla, deputy engineer in PCB Lab at Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC), Mohali
"For electricals and electronics engineering (EEE) and electronics communication engineering (EC) students, this is a good field to start their career."



 — K. Krithiga, technical lead, CADD Center

 
According to Vikas Kohli, senior architect, Cadence Design Systems India, “New computing, network, and telecommunication products have ine-radicably altered the PCB design landscape. A recent report titled ‘Design Trends and EDA Tool Usage—Asia Pacific,’ highlights consumer electronics, telecom/data communications and industrial control/medical electronics as dominant industries in the region. The PCB design section report shows that over 50 per cent of designs have less than 50 integrated circuits (ICs) on a board. In fact, 20 per cent of designs have less than four ICs on the board. The pin-count of these devices has increased, so has the complexity of the logical interconnects. In this case, a smaller number of larger components means a larger number of design headaches.”

“One design discipline greatly affected by this change is schematic design capture. To keep pace with shrinking market windows in light of all this complexity, designers have to capture designs faster than ever before. And to meet profitability goals they have to design it right the first time,” Kohli adds.
 
What your pocket says

Let’s turn to money matters. This field offers enough provisions for learning as well as earning. The starting salary for a fresher is typically between Rs 150,000 and Rs 200,000 per annum with impressive year to year hikes. Coming to experienced professionals, the PCB industry offers salary in the range of Rs 500,000 to Rs 600,000 per annum for people with four to five years of experience.

“As a fresher one can not expect high salary. But after an experience of five-six years, and with understanding and implementation of standards, one can expect a very good package and may act as a team leader,” adds Singla. And of course if you grab an international opportunity, the pay is quite good even for freshers. It is needless to mention that PCB designers can experience much better growth while working with an MNC.

“It’s been my experience that the designers who work on the higher-end or more expensive CAD tools (i.e., Cadence Allegro and Mentor Graphics) seem to get paid a little higher than designers who work on the lower-end or less expensive systems like Altium and PADS. As I mentioned earlier, back in the late 90s, as long as you were a good designer you would be hired regardless of the CAD tool. But now, unfortunately, hiring-managers seem to put an emphasis on which CAD systems you’re running and even what version, etc,” opines Derek Doucette, an executive with American Contract Group, a Massachusetts-based staffing firm. He has been placing candidates into PCB design positions since the 1990s.

“A designer once told me, “Besides a few features here and there, they basically all do the same thing.
You just need to find out where they place the buttons.” I believe that if you are a good designer on one CAD system, with a slight learning curve, you should be able to pick up another system with no problem,” Derek told PCBDesign007 in an interview.

Who’s hiring?

It is difficult to point out a particular industry as the major recruiter of PCB designers. Aspirants in this field may look for opportunities in all industries which are directly involved in manufacturing electronics products. These include telecom, automotive, biomedical equipment, computer hardware, electronic security systems, consumer electronic appliances, mobile companies, industrial automation and power electronics, amongst others.

“The big organisations always have a team of six-eight designers while the middle ones have two-five designers. The team size depends upon the development of new hardware or modification of the existing one, and also on the size of the R&D team. However, to name a few, some of the major recruiters in this field are Bharat Electronics Limited, Semiconductor Complex Laboratory, HCL, L&T, GE, HP, Beetel, Nokia, Samsung, LG, Ericsson, Sony and Philips,” informs Singla.

Krithiga adds, “Small-sector PCB design companies are recruiting freshers. MNCs like Wipro, Applied Materials, TCS, Ingersoll Rand, and most of the electronics goods designing companies offer a good opportunity for PCB design engineers.”

Getting the job signal

Recruiters look for electronic and information engineering (EIE), EEE and ECE engineers with basic electronics components knowledge with any board design software like OrCAD, Allegro, Altium or PADS. At present, most of the companies are using Or-CAD and Allegro for circuit board design.

A PCB designer’s ‘must haves’ as stated by Singla are as follows:

1.    Understanding of the functioning of an electronic circuit.
2.    Knowledge of IPC/Mil standards.
3.    Know the process of PCB manufacturing, assembling and testing.
4.    Good knowledge of various electronic components’ packaging.
5.    Know about different PCB base materials.
6.    Able to interact with circuit designers, PCB manufacturing and assembling team.
7. Knowledge of EMI/EMC.

If the PCBs are not designed properly, one runs the risk of facing a high level of rework/rejection of populated or unpopulated PCBs. “I have also seen a lot of circuit malfunctions/ failures in the field, which are a result of poor design, fabrication or soldering techniques,” Singla says. He also suggests that PCB designers should have a detailed knowledge of not only PCB fabrication but also soldering techniques. Also, they are required to be kept abreast of the limitations of PCB manufacturers with respect to minimum drill-size, minimum track-width, minimum track-to-track and track-to-pad distance, tolerances, etc.

The author is from EFY Bureau, New Delhi


 


 

Related Articles


Post Comment | 98 Comments



subhash   938 days ago

i m interested in pcb designing very much...and i have little knowledege in pcb desigining with altium software...wat shall i do to improve my designing knowledge
Reply  
hitesh   935 days ago

Which software is better for PCB design industry as i am B.Tech. with Electronics & Communication.
Reply   3 Replies
Akula Pavan Kumar   867 days ago

My best suggestion is to use Cadence OrCAD and you can download full 9.2 version for free at computertraining2011.blogspot.com.
Reply  
shobana   225 days ago

ALTIUM VERSIONS is easy and good software
Reply  
Santosh Singh Chauhan   27 days ago

Dear candidateOur company in a requirement for R&D engineer are you interested so then can you send me your resume.Thanks & RegardsSantosh singh chauhanMob918376062514HR Deptt.True Power International Ltd.B.G.-135 Sanjay Gandhi Transport Nagar Delhi-110042Ph. 011-27833603 27833604 fax 011-27833606Email santosh.truepower91@gmail.comSkype truepower91Websitewww.truepower.in
Reply  
bhavesh   916 days ago

Please give some detail regarding to training for PCB designing
Reply  
Swati Gaur   889 days ago

I am presenly working on Orcad Software in an Electonics Company and want to grow further in Designing Field only. Please guide me the Best company in which I can switch to know further about the Designing.
Reply   3 Replies
Ravikumar   481 days ago

presently where are you working means in which city? i am from Chennai
Reply   1 Reply
SHAVINDER SINGLA   455 days ago

I working with CDACMohali. Chandigarh
Reply  
kishore   292 days ago

very good swathi can you tell me which type of circuits your desinged
Reply  
salony   212 days ago

Hi Swati I have a knowledge of ORcad 9.0 and i am interested to make my career in pcb desgning so i want to do job in PCB Desgning but enable to find any job or company In mumbai please yr help me. Thanks In Advance.
Reply  
Mitu   865 days ago

Im working in High Speed PCB designing on PADS layout.Please suggest me the best company for my career growth & also software. I have completed Dip in electronics from NTTF.
Reply   1 Reply
prakash   546 days ago

we look for design engineer
Reply   5 Replies
SHAVINDER SINGLA   455 days ago

Which company and location?
Reply  
sudeep   433 days ago

Dear sir i have completed my b.tech in 2012 with ece. i have six months exprience as a sales & service engineer. i am highly intersted to work with your in industry as a pcb designer. please give me a chance sir.
Reply  
Boopathyrajja.N   361 days ago

Dear Sir Currently i am working as CAM Engineer in past 2 12 years. But i have done PCB Design course using Cadence Allegro software tool in CADD CENTRETraining Institute.Its enough ah sir?
Reply   2 Replies
SHAVINDER SINGLA   316 days ago

Only course is not enough. Practice is must. Its an added advantage that U r a cad engg. Design the PCBs and bring them to prototyping.
Reply  
SHAVINDER SINGLA   316 days ago

Only course is not enough. Practice is must. Its an added advantage that U r a cad engg. Design the PCBs and bring them to prototyping.
Reply  
Shrikar Rao   323 days ago

B818PZ
Reply  
sudeep   408 days ago

Dear sir i have done B.tech in ece. i ahve done 8 months industrial training on embedded and robotics fro hpes noida. i have six month exprience as a service engineer. i want to switch in pcb designing please give me a chance. i am hgighly intersted in it. m0- 8860393863
Reply  
prashant   853 days ago

Im working in High Speed PCB designing on PADS layout.Please suggest me the best company for my career growth & also software. I have completed Dip in electronics production & maintanance
Reply  
SANDIP   832 days ago

i am currently working as cam egg in PCB manufacturing firm i ant to go in PCB designing please suggest for good training where can i got training for itplease suggest me with good job?
Reply  
rakesh kumar   822 days ago

i m interested in pcb designing and im working in orcad please give me some detail about pcb designing company.
Reply  
steve   800 days ago

Such a fabulous ideas you have shared here. Amazing Very captivating work you have done. I appreciate that. Thanks for sharing this incredible stuff.httpwww.rushpcb.co.uk
Reply  
Himabindu   777 days ago

I hav 3yrs of exp in pcb designing pls let me knw is there opening for pcb designing
Reply   3 Replies
PRABIR KUMAR SAHU   713 days ago

im btech with ec branch pls suggest me is it better for me for pcb design course with which software my no i s8237620964. pls guide me .....
Reply   1 Reply
gopi   616 days ago

icon learning and innovation centre banglore . the best place build your career in pcb.
Reply  
yash   261 days ago

Hi i need pcb layout designer from schematic if interested mail me here.yash@gmail.com
Reply   3 Replies
mayuri   240 days ago

hi siri have send mail on your email idbut it was not working pls give me your another email id or contact no .
Reply  
ponnusamy   148 days ago

i have strong knowledge in pcb designing using orcad... so if u need any designing please contact me.. 9626587130
Reply  
sudha   80 days ago

siram completed BEECE2012passedout.am looking for job in PCB designer.am completed course using by orCAD sw.can u help me sir?
Reply   1 Reply
Ramkrishna Shanbhag   35 days ago

Hi sudhaI am interested in pcb design. Pls tell me the institute from where you finished the training.
Reply  
kishore   292 days ago

ok himabindu can you call me 888 5 616171
Reply  
PRABIR KUMAR SAHU   710 days ago

pls give me some reply sir ihv completed btech with electronics i want todo pcb design course is it have future for me &which one is the best institute for it ??pls any one reply me my mail id is prabir63@gmail.com &my no is 8237620964 .can i will get job in this field .&what r the software course in it .&which software is best .
Reply   1 Reply
SHAVINDER SINGLA   455 days ago

Dear Prabir I hope U will be working very well. I just saw ur query. In case U need help in pcb design pl. contact me cdacsingla@yahoo.com
Reply  
sudheer   666 days ago

i completrd my course in PCB Design and searching for job now in bangalore..can u help
Reply   1 Reply
ramanathan   444 days ago

hi friend how much u pay the money pcb design course
Reply   2 Replies
ragul   417 days ago

RS.20000.its depends upon center and design tool .
Reply  
praveen kumar   199 days ago

HiI can teach PCB design online.I have Experience around 3 yrs in an MNC company.If interested contact me.
Reply   2 Replies
murali   195 days ago

hello sir i have read ur comment and i want to know more about it. You can contact me at my mail id murali.s4a5@gmail.com
Reply  
pankaj saini   146 days ago

hello sir i am b.tech ece student in 8 th sem so plzzz give me some ideas for pcb designing and training or jobs information and company names in delhi ncr noida . so help me my contect no is 09988808392
Reply  
mayank bajpi   616 days ago

siri completed my B.E.then got training in pcb designing in ORCAD9.116.1hands on experiance in making sinle double and multilayer boards.Igot well knowledge in CADENCE ALLEGRO16.5 Version too.Eager to find a job releavent to this as afresher level.from where i should start?please sujjest me.
Reply  
raju shah   584 days ago

sir you give me some suggestion about pcd designing traaining center that is better for training i am complite our b.tech in ece 2012 pas out
Reply   1 Reply
SHAVINDER SINGLA   455 days ago

What is your location?
Reply  
Krishna   570 days ago

Is it better to learn the course with regards to OrCAD etc during the college studies or after completing the BEBTECH degree courses?
Reply   1 Reply
SHAVINDER SINGLA   455 days ago

If U have time its much better to start now. Learn & Design PCB for ur project
Reply  
Asha   551 days ago

I am very interested in PCB designing using good tools...... i have done BE in ECE...i dont have any experience in tihs could u pls provide the information for this...
Reply   3 Replies
Ravikumar   481 days ago

Hi in which city from you are and we have opening in Chennai city. for more information please contact thru mail id msrkravi@yahoo.com
Reply  
ragul   509 days ago

i am also fresher still now iam also searching pcb design jobs. cadence allegro Orcad software is the best for PCB designing. intel using this software only. pcb concepts like a ocean...r u really interested in pcb designingi will give materials...contact your near CADD center they are providing pcb deisning course...ragulece@gmai.com...
Reply  
SHAVINDER SINGLA   455 days ago

Experience comes after working only. what type of information U need? contact me cdacsingla@yahoo.com
Reply  
Sanjay Savalgi   549 days ago

We are the Authorized Channel Partner in India for Cadence OrCAD and Allegro Tools. We are looking for Application Engineers position in Hyderabad Delhi and Bangalore. Please send your resume at sales@ftdautomation.comWe are also looking for Technical Sales Engineers in Bangalore to sell OrCAD and Allegro Tools. So please contact us asap
Reply  
Harshad Dholakia   534 days ago

I m launched PCB designing business. I used Altium Designer software. Anybody have any customer or need any type help.contact me.
Reply   3 Replies
ramanathan   444 days ago

sir i m ramanathan 2011 passout six month work in servise engineerbut i m disable person plese help me jopi mworking interst in pcb design
Reply  
Salil Saluja   469 days ago

We are looking for a PCB designing company who can help us develop our product. Kindly contact us at medical_point@yahoo.com
Reply  
Gopi Krishnan   481 days ago

i am pcb designer any vacant
Reply   1 Reply
SHAVINDER SINGLA   455 days ago

Just subscribe to alert@indeed.com. U will come to know the vacancies.
Reply   1 Reply
ragul   451 days ago

hi sir last 1 year i am searching pcb designing jobs but there is no openings for fresher.u have any idea about fresher jobs...
Reply  
S.SINGLA   455 days ago

Hi Everybody...In case U need help in PCB Designing U can contact me cdacsingla@yahoo.com
Reply   2 Replies
Jitendra   230 days ago

Hi I have done B-Tech ECE in 2009. I ve 2.6yrs of exp. in telecom industry but right now i want to switch over to built my career in pcb design Orcad cadence 16.2 Allegro.I ve also completed my course @ Bangalore itself. Could u tell me plz i will consider as a fresher or experience. Then will be my futre.......???
Reply  
sudha   80 days ago

hi.am completed B.EECE2012.now working in PCB assembly process as a Quality assurance Er..and completed PCB design course using by OrCAD Sw..nw am looking for job in PCB design.can u help me.am interested to work in PCB design.
Reply  
ragul   448 days ago

hi guys i know very well orcad 16.5 if u have any doubts in orcad contact me....i am always free. bz still now i didnt get job in PCB designing.....All company required only EXPERIENCE personsno one give a chance for FRESHER.FACT...if i get jobi will start company with in 3 years and i will give u a job so dont loose your confident do practice and practice again.its definitely help one day..ragulece@gmail.com
Reply  
Mareeswaran k   444 days ago

i have 3 years experience with working multitask for pcb designreverse engineerand component engineer.if u have any vacancies.
Reply   1 Reply
Saidi Reddy   398 days ago

we are looking for a candidate with following requirement. Design hardware & firmware electrical systems including test plans for consumer electronic products from concept through Mass production.This position is in Hyderabad.Please contact me psreddy72@gmail.com
Reply  
vadivel   399 days ago

very nice. nice article.thanx you
Reply   2 Replies
SHAVINDER SINGLA   316 days ago

Thank U.
Reply  
SHAVINDER SINGLA   316 days ago

u contact me cdacsingla@yahoo.com
Reply  
Dhiman   398 days ago

HelloI am a R&D engineer. I have tried so many CAD software like Altium Orcad Eagle PADs but I found that Diptrace from Novarm Ltd is very much easy to handle for designing a PCB. The most important thing is that it support portability in many formats. Please let me know why the company are so much selective about design tool. Using Diptrace I can do any kind of design that may be done using Orcad or Altium what are the extra advantage that I can get using these difficult tools
Reply   1 Reply
sunny   385 days ago

sir i am willing to learn pcb designing.now a days which is the best tool used in the pcb designing?..sir please give rply to my mail sunnysunny780@gmail.com
Reply  
mohammed faizal   375 days ago

I am compeled in BEEEE.Give me course detail and course available center in trichy
Reply  
ragava   367 days ago

i am pcb designner low price all board design u need please contack
Reply   1 Reply
sundaresha   317 days ago

sir please tell me whether uve got pcb for PIR sensors
Reply  
parivesh malviya   352 days ago

i am pcb designner low price all board design u need please contack
Reply   2 Replies
kishore   340 days ago

my number 8885616171
Reply  
anteshwar   295 days ago

i ve completed my BE EEE with 70 2012 pasout. i want to make my career in PCB designing pls help me by suggesting. pls do let me knw ny small scale industry wre i can work n learn. pls do furnish the details. i ll be grateful to u forever
Reply  
kishore   292 days ago

hai i am kishore workining as a Desining Engg in RND dep. can i help you 0888 5 616171
Reply   1 Reply
DHARMA   282 days ago

i had completed B.E WITH 77 Percentage distinction in the year 2010.and also have 3 years of experience in pcb field is this a good start for my career to earn money. or need to choose some other field please guide me
Reply  
Ashish Yadav   261 days ago

b.tech holder working as pcb designer 3 yrexp..software known 1cadence 116.5latest version2altium3protel. job recommended would be honoured.
Reply  
karthik   259 days ago

sirI completed BE ECE 13. Im in very much of interest in PCB designing field . now I dont know anything about that. now what can I do .? go for any company side .? or do some courses . ? if yes what is that .?
Reply  
Manish gupta   201 days ago

Hello sir I am learnig ORCAD in electronis and want to have full version of itso can you help me out
Reply  
mithun   194 days ago

HiiI am mithun from bangalorei have 2 year experienced in pcb designingmainly designed power supply boardsnow planning to go for high speed designing..is any one there looking for a pcb designer?....
Reply   2 Replies
Prashant   178 days ago

hi i m prashant. having 12 years experience in PCB designing and now planning to start PCB designing course in Nashik. interested students mail me at 29prash@gmail.com.
Reply  
Bhanuprasad   31 days ago

we are looking for pcb designing people Power Electronics circuits
Reply  
karan   170 days ago

i am 7 year experienced pcb designer contact me if you want to understand concepts and make one your own pcb .karanmittaltech@gmail.com
Reply  
Tejaswi   167 days ago

I am an electronics engineer pass out 2013.I am highly interested to do career in electronics field only.PCB designing is the part of electronics.So I am iterested to start career in PCB designing Bt not getting right way to start.even electronics companies not allow simple entry for fresh electronics engineer.as a fresher salary doesnt matter. so plz suggest me company name where I can submit my resumre Ill be very thankful to youreply
Reply  
Manish gupta   156 days ago

can any 1 help me out with advance analysis in orcad
Reply  
Manish gupta   152 days ago

is anyone well versed in ORCAD here who can help me out
Reply  
samar   140 days ago

Hi i am BE fresher i am in a dilemma whether to start course in pcb designing or programming.. Which field has better growth ?? Reply plsss
Reply  
Kalidas Shinde   138 days ago

hi i m Kalidas. having 12 years experience in PCB designing and now planning to start PCB designing course in pune. interested students mail me at shindekalidas@yahoo.com.
Reply  
arun   128 days ago

IITP EDUTRAIN IS FAKE INSTITUATE DONT TAKE ADMISSION WITH FALSE PROMISE
Reply  
sundara rami reddy   80 days ago

good forum for topics in electronics. visit us on a hrefhttpwww.mobilerepairingcourseinhyderabad.inmobile repairing course in hyderabad a
Reply  
PCBAZ   73 days ago

PL contact for PCB Layout design training and workshops.
Reply  
Rajesh Galhotra   73 days ago

I am having more than 20 years experience in PCB Layout designing. Now I an conduction training. PL contact rajesh.galhotra@gmail.comwww.pcba2z.com
Reply  
g.senthilkumar   73 days ago

respected sir i have finished BEECE now i am working as lect. in private college. now i want to know and job opportunities in pcb design. can i do the course and if i do any chance to stand the field.plz kindly give ur suggestion
Reply  
durgamohan   69 days ago

iam a B.Tech student.Iam interested in PCB Designing i have knowledge in proteus softwere.I want learn pcb design by orcad. so plz help me for find a good institute.
Reply  
vijendra   58 days ago

hi i am vijendra & i am designing pcb since 12 years i am working on pads altium orcad & i can design pcbs upto 12 layers if any body has any requirement than please drop a mail at designerspcb@gmail.com
Reply  
saed   53 days ago

Hello engineersright now I am working as a cam designer using cam350 is it a good experience and what doors will it open for me in the future?Thanks
Reply  
raghu   34 days ago

hi i am raghu i am completed b.techeee write now i am working in cam engineer. Please tell me field has future.
Reply  
shivaraja N   33 days ago

sir I have completed ECE 2013 presently working in production and I have completed PCB designing can any 1 guide me for designing companys
Reply  

Electronics Buzz
 
 
  Magazines
Electronics for You
LINUX for You
Facts for You
Electronics Bazaar
Portals
electronicsforu.com
efytimes.com
bpotimes.com
linuxforu.com
Directories
Electronics Annual Guide
Events
EFY EXPO
EFY Awards
EduTech Expo
OSIWEEK Expo
News Verticals
Electronics
Infotech
Linux & Open Source
Consumer Electronics
Science & Technology
BPO
Educational Institute
EFY Techcenter
Kitsnspares.com
 
© Copyright 2012 EFY Enterprises Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Reproduction in whole or in part in any form or medium without written permission is prohibited. Usage of the content from the web site is subjectT etor ms and Conditions