A brief overview of most popular international standard marks/logos is given in Fig. 2., including marking symbol, legal status (voluntary versus mandatory), issuing authority/national/international body, year of implementation and target product groups. In the Fig. 2, one may observe that “UL”, CSA’ and ‘EMC’ standard marks fall in the category of “voluntary”. It means that the manufacturers, whose products are bearing these standard marks, have voluntarily adopted the conformity process to get these standard marks which in result make their product a “high-quality product”. It is sometimes referred to as self-declaration of conformity. Rest of the standard marks (Fig. 2) are “mandatory”, that implies; no person shall by himself or through any person on his behalf manufacture or store for sale, import, sell or distribute goods which do not conform to the specified standard and do not bear the “Standard Mark” as notified by the issuing authority for the goods.
It is evident that USA has introduced its first standard mark, i.e., UL in 1894. Subsequently, Canada, Europe and again the USA have introduced, CSA, CE and FCC standard marks respectively to standardize products in different segments. Consequently, in 2002, China came with its mandatory “China Compulsory Certification (CCC) for low voltage and IT products. Consequently, the aforementioned developments forced India to come up with its own regulation (CRO) to curb the inflow of sub-standard electronic products in the country and to protect the interest of consumers as well as domestic industry.
The bottom line is that government is pro-actively taking initiative to protect consumers and their rights but the response from the industry and end-user is still not up to the mark. BIS standard mark is a symbol of trust; therefore, the manufacturer should get it and display it proudly, it will enhance the brand value of their product. On the other hand, end users should ask for it, it is for them and is introduced to protect their basic rights.