Saturday, May 18, 2024

Shop Billing System Using A Thermal Printer

efy tested

This shop billing system is a comprehensive solution aimed at streamlining transaction management within a retail environment. Combining Python for graphical user interface (GUI) functionality and Arduino for controlling a thermal printer (RP203), this innovative system enables users to input customer details, select items from an inventory, manage a cart, and seamlessly print bills. Key features include customer information input for personalised billing, inventory management with options for selecting items, specifying quantities, and choosing units of measurement.

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The system facilitates cart management by displaying added items, enabling easy item deletion, and instant total amount calculation. It also handles unknown items, allowing for their addition with automatic amount calculation. The system architecture consists of a Python GUI developed using Tkinter for user interaction and Arduino interfacing with the thermal printer for bill printing, creating a robust and efficient transaction management solution for retail settings. To set it up, you will need the components shown in Bill of Materials table.

Bill of materials
Arduino Uno (MOD1)Development board1
USB Type CAdaptor1
RP203 (MOD 2)Thermal printer1
12V, 1A power adaptorPower source for thermal printer1
Jumper wiresMale to female6
Note: Most thermal printers come with a printer page, but if it does not, you need to add that to the shopping cart as well.

Setup and installation

First, install the ‘Adafruit_Thermal.h’ library for Arduino IDE using the library manager. Then, upload the thermal printer code provided here to the Arduino Uno by selecting the correct port and board.

Next, prepare the Python code for the shop billing system by following these steps:

1. Install required libraries. Install Python and required libraries using the following commands:

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pip install tk
pip install pyserial

If you are using Python 3 IDE, use pip3 instead of pip for library installation. If you are using a Linux system, you also need to add ‘sudo’ before ‘pip’:

sudo pip3 install tk
sudo pip install pyserial

Here, tk is used to create the GUI, and pyserial is used to communicate with the Arduino, which acts as the motherboard to drive the thermal printer module.

2. For the Python code, import both libraries, create the GUI for the shop billing system, and then create and code the function for billing. You can modify the areas, billing options, and details as per your requirements in the code. The GUI code snippet is shown in Fig. 1.

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Fig. 1: GUI code snippet

Circuit diagram

The circuit diagram of the project, shown in Fig. 2, comprises the Arduino Uno (MOD1), thermal printer RP203 (MOD2), a 12V, 1A power adaptor, and a few jumper wires.


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