Friday, March 24, 2023

RFID Contactless Lock

Ashwini Kumar Sinha

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When it comes to security, RFID card-based digital locks are more reliable than key-based mechanical locks since they cannot be easily broken also they are Contactless Lock. Therefore, some hotels across the world have adopted this technology. However, there is a danger of passwords getting leaked, allowing anyone to infringe on a person’s privacy. 

So in today’s project, we will make an RFID contactless lock for hotel rooms that has an additional feature of temporarily storing a person’s hotel check-in and check-out details. This means that the card will only work for that particular person up to the designated hotel stay schedule.


Bill Of Materials  

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First we need to install liberaries to Arduino IDE. To install the required library, go to Arduino IDE and open library manager. Type MFRC522 in the search bar and select install. Now you can begin coding. 

Besides MFRC522, also include the library Servo in the code. While MFRC522.h enables the RFID reader module to read the RFID card, Servo.h equips the lock with a servo motor mechanism.

Next in the setup function, first, initialise the serial port for debugging to obtain the RFID number. Then initialise the SPI communication with the RFID module and set the servo pin number to drive the servo motor.

After this, create a loop function to read the RFID UUID number. Then convert the RFID UUID number to a string and check whether it matches with the correct UUID number. If yes, then the servo motor automatically gets activated for unlocking the door. 

Fig 1.
Fig 2.


Connect the RFID with Arduino and servo/signal wire (yellow) to pin 9 (see pic).

Fig 3.Connection
Fig 4.Connection with servo


Power the Arduino and servo motor. Now try putting a random RFID card or tag into the lock. When nothing happens, then try with another. If that enables the servo motor to unlock the door, then it means you have entered the correct RFID tag.  

Congrats!! Your RFID smart lock is ready. 

Download Code





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