Sunday, April 21, 2024

HMI-Based Robotic Arm

ashwiniA lot of work nowadays such as welding, screwing and painting is performed by robotic arms. However, certain jobs require high-precision for which a human hand is needed along with the autonomous robot. Therefore I have developed an HMI type of robotic arm, using which robots can follow and copy the movements of human action. This enables control of several robotic arms by a single human at a large scale. 

Bill of Materials

To start the project, collect the following components:


Screw and assemble the robot arm kit by fitting the servo motor to the base. Next, connect the servo with the two robotic arm joints for up and down motion in the forward direction. 

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Install the following libraries and include them in the code:

  • Servo
  • Arduino MPU6050

These respectively allow the servo motors to be controlled and capture data from the MPU6050 sensor attached to a human’s hand for obtaining the desired motion. 

While the Arduino IDE comes preinstalled with the Servo library, the Arduino MPU6050 needs to be installed manually. To do so, go to Sketch → Library Manager → enter Arduino Mpu6050 in the search option → Install

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After including the libraries in the code, create a few variables to store the data obtained from the MPU6050 sensor and the servo motor. 

Next, create a setup function for initialising I2C communication with the sensor. Also set the pins for the servo motors.

Then create a loop function to map the sensor movement values with the servo angle movement range. After that, drive each joint of servo to the exact same position of the mapped value for servo angle.


Connect the components as shown in the circuit diagram given below and power the servos with an external 5V battery. Also connect the servo signal pin and the MPU sensor to Arduino.


After connecting and powering the servos with a 5V battery, place the MPU sensor in your palm and move it to simultaneously move the robotic arm. For the robotic arm to move upwards, move your palm up. Similarly, repeat the procedure for downward motion. 

With such a kind of human machine interface, robots can perform intricate tasks. 


Ashwini Sinha
Ashwini Sinha
A tech journalist at EFY, with hands-on expertise in electronics DIY. He has an extraordinary passion for AI, IoT, and electronics. Holder of two design records and two times winner of US-China Makers Award.



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