Simple 1 Watt Mono Audio Amplifier

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Here is a simple project of mono audio amplifier using a single IC KIA6278P. IC1 has 8-pin legs. This amplifier will give an output power of 1 Watt on a power supply of 6 Volts on a 4 Ohms loudspeaker. IC1 KA6278P can be easily purchase in a market and also costs not expensive.

Circuit and working

The prototype of this amplifier is shown in photo. Also a circuit diagram is shown on figure.
As shown in circuit diagram Pin 1 of IC1 (KIA 6278P) is connected to an input terminal through a ceramic capacitor C1 (104). Capacitor C2 (.04uF) is connected to an input terminal and ground. Capacitor C2 will filters a noise signal presented in an audio input signal.

  • Electrolytic capacitor C3 (100uF/25V) is connected to pin 3 and ground facing positive (+) terminal of C3 to pin 3 and negative terminal to ground.
  • Another electrolytic capacitor C4 (47uF/25V) is connected to pin 2 o IC1 with facing positive terminal (+) facing to pin2 of IC1 and negative to ground.
  • Pins 5, 6 are grounded. Pin 7 is connected an electrolytic capacitor C6 (470uF/25V) and to a 1 Watt/4 Ohms speaker through a 2-pin connector.
  • Pin 8 of IC1 is connected to + 6Volts DC. An electrolytic capacitor C6 (100uF/25V) is connected to pin 8 of IC1 and ground. Capacitor C5 will filter a DC voltage.

Construction and testing

  • You can assemble this amplifier on a 5cm*6.5 cm veroboard or a circuit board given in an article.
  • At first take a veroboard and put an 8-pin IC socket in a middle of a 5cm*6.5cm veroboard.
  • Take a low watt soldering around and gently solder an 8-pin IC socket on a veroboard.
  • Take two 2-pin connectors and solder both of them on a right and left side of your veroboard. Lastly put all the ceramic capacitors C1, C2 and electrolytic capacitors C3, C4, C5 and C6 on your veroboard as shown in a circuit diagram.
  • After assembling the circuits connect a 1 Watt/4 Ohms speaker to a 2-pin connector 2.
  • Connect a 6 volts power supply of 4*1.5 V battery or AC/DC power supply to your amplifier.

Calibration and adjusting

You may use a signal generator for calibration and adjustment. If you do not have a signal generator, you may use a small metal screwdriver for testing.

Switch on a power supply to your circuit. Pick up the screwdriver and touch it gently on an AF input terminal (connector2). You should hear a humming sound coming from a speaker.
Now connect audio input from your source (MP3 player, computer, mobile, laptop e.t.c.). Enjoy listening music.

Components-List

Semiconductor:

IC1: KIA6278P (8-pins)

Electrolytic capacitor:

  • C3:100uF/25V
  • C4:47uF/25V
  • C5:100uF/25V
  • C6:470uF/25V

Ceramic capacitor:

  • C1: 104
  • C2: .04uF

Miscellaneous:

  • 8-pin IC socket
  • 5cm*6.5cm veroboard
  • Two 2-pin Connectors
  • Colour wires, small metal screwdriver, and 4*1.5 Volts battery, signal generator e.t.c.

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