Tuesday, July 9, 2024

Optimisation Of Medical Drug Delivery With Motor Drive Mechanisms

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  • ALARIS Medical Systems’ patient monitoring equipment facilitates quick medical drug distribution among patients
  • It utilises TorqSense’s inexpensive motor technology for controlling the varying motor speeds

ALARIS Medical Systems has developed a drug-infusion system and patient monitoring equipment for hospitals and other care facilities around the world and is constantly developing new technologies and refining existing equipment. The drug delivery is usually performed by a precision pumping mechanism connected to a syringe or a needle-less.

It has just installed Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) monitoring facilities with which it is mapping the performance characteristics of motors used in pump drives so that they can be optimally matched to specific application requirements. SAW is a new technology encompassed in TorqSense, a low-cost, non-contact rotary torque transducer suitable for OEM applications.

Rotary torque is difficult to measure by methods that require physical contact with the drive mechanism due to the presence of drag, which increases the actual torque in the test piece. So Sensor Technology has harnessed the phenomenon of SAW or Raleigh waves, which were first observed over 100 years ago and which form a major part of the destructive force of an earthquake.

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Measuring rotary changes

TorqSense is in effect a frequency-dependent strain gauge, which measures the change in resonance frequency caused by the rotary strain in the driveshaft and this frequency signal is then monitored via an adjacent fixed pick-up. Its frequency has a wide bandwidth, high immunity to magnetic fields and high tolerance to electronic interference.

Paul Risborough, Senior Electronics Engineer explains how ALARIS is using the TorqSense transducer: “Most of our pumps are driven by stepper motors, which we test by driving them against a DC motor acting as a brake. To get comprehensive modelling of a motor we have to be able to vary the speed from the slowest running right up to stall speed, so we need a speed range of about 0-1200rpm. We also subject the test motors to shock loads, sudden reversing and irregular speed changes, all generated from a PWM (pulse width modulate) control we made here in the lab. The TorqSense is mounted between the two motors and faithfully downloads the instantaneous shaft torque to a computer for logging, analysis and modelling”.

He further added, “We use a DC Motor because it is less expensive, simpler, easier and faster than the dynamometer that would be conventional to use. This is very much in keeping with the idea of using TorqSense because the alternatives were all much more expensive and complicated.”


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