Sunday, April 21, 2024

Desktop Power Supply

Useful for electronics hobbyists, this linear workbench/ desktop power supply converts a high input voltage (12V) from the SMPS of a PC into low output voltage (1.25 to 9 volts). An adjustable three-pin voltage regulator chip LM317T (IC1) is used here to provide the required voltages. The LM317T regulator, in TO-220 pack, can handle current of up to 1 amp in practice.

Desktop power supply circuit

Fig. 1 shows the circuit of the desktop power supply. Regulator IC LM317T is arranged in its standard application. Diode D1 guards against polarity reversal and capacitor C1 is an additional buffer. The green LED (LED1) indicates the status of the power input. Diode D2 prevents the output voltage from rising above the input voltage when a capacitive or inductive load is connected at the output. Similarly, capacitor C3 suppresses any residual ripple.

Fig.1: Circuit of desktop power supply
Fig.1: Circuit of desktop power supply

Connect a standard digital voltmeter in parallel with the output leads to accurately set the desired voltage with the help of variable resistor VR1. You can also use your digital multimeter if the digital voltmeter is not available. Switch on S1 and set the required voltage through preset VR1 and read it on the digital voltmeter. Now the power supply is ready for use.

Fig.2:Pin Configuration of LM317

Construction & testing

The circuit can be wired on a common PCB. Refer Fig. 2 for pin configuration of LM317 before soldering it on the PCB. After fabrication, enclose the circuit in a metallic cover as shown in Fig. 3. Then open the cabinet of your PC and connect the input line of the gadget to a free (hanging) four pin drive power connector of the SMPS carefully.

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Fig.3: Sugested power supply box

The article was first published in September 2007 and has recently been updated.


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