The most common cause of fire in a kitchen is gas leakage. This project will help you make an LPG leakage cum smoke detector kitchen security alarm using a gas sensor. The sensor will detect the intensity of LPG gas as well as smoke, if any. If the intensity of LPG gas or smoke exceeds a certain limit, an audible alarm will notify you to take care of the leakage as soon as possible.
LPG/smoke detectors are amazing devices as they are small and low-cost, yet very useful. MQ2 is the most common metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) type of gas sensor. It is very sensitive to smoke and flammable gases like LPG, butane, propane, methane, alcohol, hydrogen, and carbon monoxide. When a gas comes in contact with the sensor, the circuit uses a simple voltage divider network to detect it.
Video Tutorial In English:
Video Tutorial In Tamil:
You can also check the gas leakage detector that we build previously.
The MQ2 sensor has two electrodes made of aluminum oxide (Al2O3) and a heating element made of tin dioxide (SnO2) that acts as the main sensing layer.
|Kitchen Security Alarm Parts List
|-LM7805, 5V voltage regulator
|-2N2219 NPN transitor
|-1A bridge rectifier
|-1N4007 rectifier diode
|Resistors (all 1/4-watt, ±5% carbon):
|R1, R2, R4, R5
|-1000μF, 35V electrolytic
|–1000μF, 16V electrolytic
|-10nF ceramic disk
|-230V AC operated
|-5V, SPDT relay
|-MQ2 gas sensor
|-230V AC primary to 9V, 500mA secondary transformer