Sunday, December 3, 2023

Get started with NOT Gate IC | 7400 Series Tutorials

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7400 Series Tutorials

7400 series is an extended family of digital integrated circuits. Chips in this series include a variety of discrete logic chips such as AND gates, OR gates along with a variety of registersdecoders, and RAM units.

7400 series main features

Some of the main features and specifications for the 7400 series logic family are detailed below


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Supply Voltage

Normal 5 V (4.75 – 5.25)

Propagation delay per gate

Typically 10 ns

Max toggle speed

25 MHz

Power consumption per gate

10 mW

Using a 7400 family IC, an engineer can design logic gates, flip-flops, counters, and buffers in individual packages and wire them together as desired to solve a specific problem.  Some most common members of the 7400 family and their functions are,




Quad 2-input NAND gate


Quad 2-input NOR gate


Hex Inverter


Quad 2-input AND gate


Quad two-input OR gates


BCD to seven-segment display decoder/driver


Dual D-type positive edge triggered flip-flops


Four-bit decade counter


Quad 2-input XOR gate


Four-bit decade counter


Three-to-eight decoder


Dual 4-to-1 multiplexer


Quad D-type flip-flops with complementary outputs


Four-bit binary synchronous counter


Eight bit parallel out serial shift register


Quad D-type flip flops with complementary outputs


Four-bit synchronous up/down binary counter


Octal bus transceiver with tri-state outputs


Quad 2-input XNOR gate


Octal D-type transparent latch


Octal D-type flip-flops

These are just a few of the full set of 7400 family members. Other IC’s among 7400 series are no longer used as their specific function is rarely required as a separate chip in modern digital electronics designs. However, the parts listed above, and many others that are not listed, are still easily available today and are commonly found in a broad range of digital designs ranging from low-end to high-tech devices.

IC 7400, NAND gate

NAND gate7400 IC is the most widely used TTL (Transistor-Transistor Logic) device in the world. It contains four independent two-input NAND gates. Its popularity is based on the fact that any logic gate function can be created using only NAND gates. Therefore, 7400 is ideal for learning about digital logic as well as a “universal spare” when certain logic functions are needed.

The NAND (Not – AND) gate has an output that is normally HIGH (1) and only goes LOW (0) when all of its inputs are HIGH (1). The Logic NAND Gate is the reverse or “complementary form of the AND gate.

The logic or Boolean expression for a logic NAND gate is that for Logical Addition, which is the opposite to the AND gate. The Boolean expression for a logic NAND gate is denoted by a single dot or full stop symbol, (.) with an over line or bar, ( ‾ ) over the expression to signify the NOT or logical negation of AND gate.  

Commonly used AND gate IC is 7400. It has four independent NAND gates with standard pin configuration. The operating temperature is 70 degree celsius.

IC 7402, NOR gate

NOR gateThe NOR gate is a digital logic gate that implements logical NOR. A HIGH output (1) results if both the inputs to the gate are LOW (0), if one or both input is HIGH (1), a LOW output (0) results. NOR is the result of the negation of the OR operator. It can also be seen as an AND gate with all the inputs inverted. NOR is a functionally complete operation because the NOR gates can be combined to generate any other logical function. It shares this property with the NAND gate. The truth table Boolean expression and the symbol of a NOR gate are below.

The commonly used NOR gate IC is IC 7402. It has four 2-Input NOR gates in 14-Pin DIP Package. The special features include large operating voltage range and wide operating conditions.

IC 7408, AND gate

AND GateA Logic AND Gate is a type of digital logic gate that has an output which is normally LOW (0) and only goes HIGH (1) when all of its inputs are HIGH (1). The output state of a “Logic AND Gate” only returns “LOW” again when any of its inputs are LOW (0). In other words for a logic AND gate, any LOW input will give a LOW output.

The truth table, symbol and Boolean expression for AND gate are below.

The commonly used AND gate IC is 7408IC. It consists of a four 2-input logic AND gates in a 14-pin DIP package. It supports wide operating voltage range and has wide operating conditions.

IC 7432, OR gate

OR gateOR gate performs logical OR operation which means output is HIGH (1) if at least one of the inputs is HIGH (1). Just like AND gate, an OR gate may also have two or any more numbers of inputs but only one output. Only if all of the inputs are LOW (0), the output will be LOW (0) and in all other inputs conditions the output will be HIGH (1).

The truth table, symbol and Boolean expression for OR gate are below.

The commonly used OR gate IC is IC7432. It consists of four 2-input OR gates in a 14-pin DIP package. The datasheet for IC 7432 is available at 7432 Technical Datasheet.


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