7400 Series Tutorials
7400 series is an extended family of digital integrated circuits. Chips in this series include a variety of discrete logic chips such as AND gates, OR gates along with a variety of registers, decoders, and RAM units.
7400 series main features
Some of the main features and specifications for the 7400 series logic family are detailed below
PARAMETER  Advertisement 

SPECIFICATION 
Supply Voltage 
Normal 5 V (4.75 – 5.25) 
Propagation delay per gate 
Typically 10 ns 
Max toggle speed 
25 MHz 
Power consumption per gate 
10 mW 
Using a 7400 family IC, an engineer can design logic gates, flipflops, counters, and buffers in individual packages and wire them together as desired to solve a specific problem. Some most common members of the 7400 family and their functions are,
DEVICE NUMBER 
DESCRIPTION 
7400 
Quad 2input NAND gate 
7402 
Quad 2input NOR gate 
7404 
Hex Inverter 
7408 
Quad 2input AND gate 
7432 
Quad twoinput OR gates 
7447 
BCD to sevensegment display decoder/driver 
7474 
Dual Dtype positive edge triggered flipflops 
7470 
Fourbit decade counter 
7486 
Quad 2input XOR gate 
7490 
Fourbit decade counter 
74138 
Threetoeight decoder 
74153 
Dual 4to1 multiplexer 
74157 
Quad Dtype flipflops with complementary outputs 
74160 
Fourbit binary synchronous counter 
74164 
Eight bit parallel out serial shift register 
74174 
Quad Dtype flip flops with complementary outputs 
74193 
Fourbit synchronous up/down binary counter 
74245 
Octal bus transceiver with tristate outputs 
74266 
Quad 2input XNOR gate 
74373 
Octal Dtype transparent latch 
74374 
Octal Dtype flipflops 
These are just a few of the full set of 7400 family members. Other IC’s among 7400 series are no longer used as their specific function is rarely required as a separate chip in modern digital electronics designs. However, the parts listed above, and many others that are not listed, are still easily available today and are commonly found in a broad range of digital designs ranging from lowend to hightech devices.
IC 7400, NAND gate
7400 IC is the most widely used TTL (TransistorTransistor Logic) device in the world. It contains four independent twoinput NAND gates. Its popularity is based on the fact that any logic gate function can be created using only NAND gates. Therefore, 7400 is ideal for learning about digital logic as well as a “universal spare” when certain logic functions are needed.
The NAND (Not – AND) gate has an output that is normally HIGH (1) and only goes LOW (0) when all of its inputs are HIGH (1). The Logic NAND Gate is the reverse or “complementary” form of the AND gate.
The logic or Boolean expression for a logic NAND gate is that for Logical Addition, which is the opposite to the AND gate. The Boolean expression for a logic NAND gate is denoted by a single dot or full stop symbol, (.) with an over line or bar, ( ‾ ) over the expression to signify the NOT or logical negation of AND gate.
Commonly used AND gate IC is 7400. It has four independent NAND gates with standard pin configuration. The operating temperature is 70 degree celsius.
IC 7402, NOR gate
The NOR gate is a digital logic gate that implements logical NOR. A HIGH output (1) results if both the inputs to the gate are LOW (0), if one or both input is HIGH (1), a LOW output (0) results. NOR is the result of the negation of the OR operator. It can also be seen as an AND gate with all the inputs inverted. NOR is a functionally complete operation because the NOR gates can be combined to generate any other logical function. It shares this property with the NAND gate. The truth table Boolean expression and the symbol of a NOR gate are below.
The commonly used NOR gate IC is IC 7402. It has four 2Input NOR gates in 14Pin DIP Package. The special features include large operating voltage range and wide operating conditions.
IC 7408, AND gate
A Logic AND Gate is a type of digital logic gate that has an output which is normally LOW (0) and only goes HIGH (1) when all of its inputs are HIGH (1). The output state of a “Logic AND Gate” only returns “LOW” again when any of its inputs are LOW (0). In other words for a logic AND gate, any LOW input will give a LOW output.
The truth table, symbol and Boolean expression for AND gate are below.
The commonly used AND gate IC is 7408IC. It consists of a four 2input logic AND gates in a 14pin DIP package. It supports wide operating voltage range and has wide operating conditions.
IC 7432, OR gate
OR gate performs logical OR operation which means output is HIGH (1) if at least one of the inputs is HIGH (1). Just like AND gate, an OR gate may also have two or any more numbers of inputs but only one output. Only if all of the inputs are LOW (0), the output will be LOW (0) and in all other inputs conditions the output will be HIGH (1).
The truth table, symbol and Boolean expression for OR gate are below.
The commonly used OR gate IC is IC7432. It consists of four 2input OR gates in a 14pin DIP package. The datasheet for IC 7432 is available at 7432 Technical Datasheet.