The new high-resolution GMR wheel speed and distance sensor from Allegro can help automakers achieve levels 3, 4 and 5 automation in passenger vehicles.
Allegro MicroSystems has unveiled its new A19360 wheel speed and distance sensor for use in emerging applications in advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS). The company claims that this giant magnetoresistance (GMR) sensor will provide automakers with the signal resolution and reliability required for advanced levels of automation in passenger vehicles and mobility-as-a-service applications.
Automakers are actively developing software and hardware systems and need components with level 3 (conditional automation) and level 4 (high automation) capabilities. According to a recent report by consulting firm Strategy&, the first passenger vehicles with level 3 capabilities should be generally available by the end of 2022, and level 4 capabilities available in people-mover applications by 2025. By 2030, vehicles incorporating levels 3, 4 and 5 (full automation) capabilities are expected to make up 20% of the total market in Europe, 12% in the US, and 11% in China.
On the new development, Peter Wells, Business Line Director for Speed and Sensor Interfaces at Allegro, commented, “Our new A19360 sensor is a game changer for automakers working on autonomous vehicles. It’s designed for SAE J3016 levels of automation 3, 4 and 5, and helps to safely enable features such as park assist, fully autonomous valet parking and traffic jam assistance with 4x better positional measurement where the tires hit the road. It can even improve autopilot functionality and low-speed control in dense environments.”
New A19360 sensor based on GMR tech
Automated and autonomous vehicles require superior wheel rotation information for accurate low-speed control. According to the company, the A19360 provides high-resolution information to automotive systems by generating extra output events per magnetic cycle with a special protocol that’s compatible with electronic control units (ECUs).
As mentioned in the press release, the new sensor includes an 8-event-per-magnetic-cycle mode targeted at ADAS applications, providing an increment for every ~5mm of tire roll. It also includes a 4-event-per-magnetic-cycle mode that doubles the number of outputs per magnetic cycle (compared to a normal wheel speed sensor). This, as claimed by Allegro, allows designers to halve the number of poles on in-wheel ring magnets to save costs, or increase the air gap and still obtain the same number of increments per revolution.
The A19360 was developed for ISO 26262 ASIL B(D), and is built on GMR technology with ultra-low jitter and large air gap capabilities. It features the company’s SolidSpeed Digital Architecture said to provide the widest dynamic range of operating air gap and highly adaptive performance that eliminates flatlining due to thermal drift and system dynamics.
Pricing and Availability
The A19360 is available in a 2-pin SIP package (suffix UB) that is lead (Pb) free, with tin lead frame plating. The UB package includes an IC and protection capacitor integrated into a single overmolded package, with an additional molded lead-stabilizing bar for robust shipping and ease of assembly.
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