Sunday, June 16, 2024

Bicycle Indicator

The electronic bicycle turn indicator unit described here uses low-cost components and is a good substitute to many commercially available versions. It works in an extremely different manner and is convenient to operate.

Bicycle turn indicator circuit

The circuit works off a 9V PP3 (alkaline-type) battery and is basically a set of two independent free-running oscillators (astable multivibrators) built around four low-power transistors and a few passive components. Both the square-wave oscillators (one built around T1 and T2 and the other built around T3 and T4) drive four red LEDs (LED1 and LED2, and LED5 and LED6, respectively), which blink to indicate the direction of turn. Additional steady-glow LEDs (LED3 and LED4) are incorporated to indicate the working status.

Circuit of bicycle turn indicator
Fig. 1: Circuit of bicycle turn indicator

Circuit operation

The working of the circuit is straightforward. When switch S1 is flipped to ‘on’ position, DC supply from the battery is extended to the oscillator circuit formed by transistors T1 and T2. Now the left-side oscillator starts oscillating and the visual indicators at the front left (FL) and rear left (RL) start blinking at a rate determined by timing capacitors C1 and C2. Resistors R2 and R3 limit the operating current of LEDs (LED1 and LED2). At the same time, the green LED (LED3) starts glowing to indicate the present direction status.

Similar action happens in the next oscillator circuit built around transistors T3 and T4 when switch S2 is flipped to ‘on’ position. Indicators at the front right (FR) and rear right (RR) start blinking, and at the same time the green LED (LED4) glows to indicate the direction status.

Switch S3 is used for emergency indication. When it is flipped to ‘on’ position, both the oscillators get power supply through diodes D1 and D2. As a result, LED1 through LED6 start working simultaneously. In this condition, all the LEDs blink, except LED3 and LED4, which glow steadily.

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Fig. 2: Suggested enclosure of the master unit
Fig. 2: Suggested enclosure of the master unit

Construction & testing

After assembling the circuit on a general purpose PCB, enclose it in a suitable cabinet as shown in Fig. 2 and mount on the handle bar of the bicycle, preferably at the mechanical centre point. Connect switch S1 at the left-hand side, S2 at the right-hand side and emergency switch S3 in the middle of the master unit. Now place this master unit at the top of the handle bar and do the essential interconnections using flexible wires. Connect the front indicators (LED1 and LED5) to the left and right side of the handle and similarly rear indicators (LED2 and LED6) can be mounted in the carrier frame of the bicycle. For the direction indicator, you can use the symbol shown in Fig. 3 and place it at the centre of the handle.

Fig. 3: Suggested enclosure for indicators
Fig. 3: Suggested enclosure for indicators

The article was first published in July 2008 and has recently been updated.


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