Electronics projects are always in high demand. Students work on various mini project ideas topics to improve their skills, whereas hobbyists like the fun in meddling with technology. Mini projects form a middle ground for all segments of electronics engineers looking to build. We have compiled a list of interesting and practical mini project ideas for you to work on. There are a couple of mini projects for engineering students for their Final Year Project.
1. Make Your Own Dual-Voltage Rechargeable Torch Light Line Follower
The purpose of this circuit is to create a new topology with good power factor maintained at AC voltage input, to provide good efficiency output to the battery and to increase its life.
This mini project is available at: Make Your Own Dual-Voltage Rechargeable Torch LightLine Follower
2. GPS On ATmega
This electronics mini project idea might be something to get your hands on. Based on ATmega 16A, this uses a GPS receiver.
This mini project is available at: ATmega16A Based GPS Receiver
3. PC-Based GPS
If working with ATmega gets too much for you, we have an alternative as well. This project designs a system that connects a GPS module to a PC com port, which enables you to use the navigation on a PC.
This mini project is available at: PC-Based GPS Receiver
4. Low Power Inverter
Here is a simple low power inverter that converts 12V DC into 230-250V AC. It can be used to power light loads like window chargers, night lamps, or simply give a shock to keep the intruders away.
This project is available at: Low power inverter
5. LPG Leakage Detector
This mini project is for a low-cost circuit for an LPG detector that you can build easily. The next time there is a leakage, you can easily be on top of things.
This mini project is available at Low-Cost LPG Leakage Detector
6. Geyser Timer Circuit
This geyser timer circuit sounds an alarm after the set timing of 22 minutes when the water is heated up. The circuit comprises a timer IC 555 wired as an astable multivibrator with an adjustable time period of 15 seconds.
This project is available at: Geyser timer
7. Automatic Off Timer For CD Players
This automatic off timer starts functioning when you switch off your bedroom light and turn your CD player ‘off’ after a predetermined time. In the presence of ambient light, or when you switch on light of the room in the morning, the CD player will restart playing. Unlike the usual timers, you don’t have to set this timer before sleeping.
This project is available at: Automatic off timer for CD players
8. Doorbell Cum Visitor Indicator
This doorbell cum visitor indicator circuit can give identification of the visitor to your home in your absence.
The project is available at: Doorbell cum visitor counter
9. Electronic Fuse
An absolute necessity of every electronics lab is a workbench power supply. The power supply should be regulated and protected against short circuit. Most power-supply protection circuits use a low-value, high-wattage resistor connected in series with the load for current sensing. The voltage drop across the sensor resistor is weighed to activate the protection circuit. The given electronic fuse circuit is based on a poly-fuse application, which is a re-settable fuse by itself.
This project is available at: Electronic Fuse
10. Sonar Water Level Meter
This project helps you in designing a water level meter to check up on the amount of water in the tank. Earlier systems used metal which got rusted over time. Whereas this next system is contactless resulting in no such problems. This mini project is available at: Sonar Water-Level Meter
11. Fire sensor
This mini project is an ultra-sensitive fire sensor that activates an alarm when it detects fire. Thermistor based fire alarms work well when the thermistor is in close vicinity. In this circuit, a sensitive PIN diode is used as a fire sensor for longer-range fire detection.
This mini project is available at: PIN Diode Based Fire Sensor
12. Thermostat For Fridge
A thermostat is standard equipment for sensing the temperature of a system and maintaining it at a pre-defined point. It is a regular feature in air-conditioners, room heaters and refrigerators. Although some refrigerators have inbuilt thermostats, the given system automatically turns on or turns off the appliance at pre-set temperatures.
This mini project is available at: Electronic Thermostat for Fridge
13. LED-Based Emergency Light
White LEDs are replacing the conventional incandescent and fluorescent bulbs due to their high power efficiency and low operating voltage. These can be utilised optimally for emergency lamp and vehicle turning indication. Here are white LED based emergency lamp & turning indicator circuits for the purpose. The project is available at: LED based emergency lamp
14. This Stereo Amplifier Is Simple To Make
Here is a simple stereo amplifier you can make with a CD6283 audio amplifier and a few passive components. It provides an output of 4.6 watts per channel with a 12V power supply.
This project is available at: This Stereo Amplifier Is Simple To Make
15. Light-Activated Switch
Here is a simple circuit of a light-activated switch using a Light Dependent Resistor (LDR) that automatically turns on the light/lamp at night and switches it off during the day.
This mini project is available at: Light-Activated Switch
16. Fancy Lighting
How about in your next one, you handle the lighting system and show off some of those electronics skills? With this next project, you can nicely put some of those skills to use and be a core electronics engineer. All you need is an Arduino and a few external components. This mini project is available at: Fancy Lights Controller
17. Miniature Strobe Light
This battery-operated portable miniature strobe light circuit can be constructed using readily available inexpensive components. An ordinary neon lamp is used here in place of the conventional Xenon tube.
This project is available at: Miniature strobe light
18. Dynamic Display Using LED Strip
This project designs a dynamic display that seems like an interesting perspective project. It describes a microcontroller-based dynamic display system using LED strips. This mini project is available at: Dynamic Display Using LED Strip
19. Shooting Game
This shooting game circuit is very simple, inexpensive and easy to construct. The game offers hours of fun and excitement. Just trigger an infrared electronic gun and there goes one invisible bullet hitting the bull’s eye, if timed properly. This project is available at: Shooting game
20. Digital Dice
Presented here is a numeric display digital dice circuit diagram. Timer IC 555 wired as an astable multivibrator produces pulses at about a 48 kHz rate. These pulses are fed to pin 14 of the decade counter IC 7490. The oscillator is activated by depression of switch S1.
This project is available at: Digital dice
21. RF-controlled robot
In this innovative mini project, we have an Arduino-board-based robot that can be driven remotely using an RF remote control. This mini project is available at: RF Controlled Robot
22. Water Pump Controller
A water pump controller senses the level of water in a tank and drives the water pump. The circuit described here is built around timer IC1 (555). When the water level of the tank goes below the low level marked by ‘L’ the voltage at pin 2 of IC1 becomes low.
This mini project is available at: Water Pump Controller
23. Sixth Sense media player
This project explains how to control the media player using a hand glove. It requires Windows Media Player, LabVIEW, Arduino and an accelerometer. This mini project is available at: Sixth-Sense Media Player
24. Line Follower
This robot follows a colour with the help of sensors. It is a simple project, which can be taken up as a classroom assignment. It lays the foundation for building your own behaviour-based (simulated) robot. This mini project is available at: Simple Line-Following Robot
25. Hand video game
This next project is a throwback to the time when we enjoyed it. Let’s get to designing the once-popular game using electronics. This mini project is available at: Hand Video Game
26. Fastest finger first
This one would be the one for students to design and implement in college competitions. Built around PIC microcontroller, this is just something we would all love in competitions as well.
This mini project is available at: Fastest finger first
27. Automatic switch-off battery charger
Presented here is an automatic switch-off battery charger based on a 555 timer IC. This smart charger automatically switches off when your rechargeable batteries reach the full charge.
This project is available at: Automatic switch-off battery charger
28. Anti-Theft Alarm Circuit
You can use this anti theft alarm circuit to thwart burglary. It sounds an alarm when someone tries to intrude into your home or office by hitting, pushing or knocking the door.
This mini project is available at: Anti-Theft Alarm Circuit
29. 12V Battery absorb and float charger
This mini-project guides on a charger that charges the battery at the absorption voltage. The charger changes the output voltage to float voltage on achieving maximum charging voltage.
This mini project is available at: 12V Battery Absorb and Float Charger
30. Pulse Generator
This pulse generator circuit is very useful while checking/operating counters, stepping relays, etc. It avoids the procedure of setting a switch for the required number of pulses. By pressing appropriate switches S1 to S9, one can get 1 to 9 negative going clock pulses, respectively.
This project is available at: Pulse generator
31. Solid-state relay
Here we describe a DC operated solid-state relay that uses readily available components. It operates off a 3V DC battery or TTL compatible PWM input.
This project is available at: Solid-state relay
32. Food ordering system
How about creating an electronic food ordering menu for your hotel or restaurant customers? This mini project is available at: Restaurant Menu Ordering System
33. Sequential timer for DC motor control
Most industrial processes require rotation of the motors in forward and reverse directions for desired periods. One good example is the automated bottle filling plant. The stop time of the motor is calibrated based on the time required to fill the bottle and before the arrival of next bottle.
This mini project is available at: Sequential Timer for DC Motor Control
34. Anti carjacking system
Carjacking can be prevented using the anti-carjack system described here. The circuit automatically senses carjacking and stops the vehicle.
This mini project is available at: Anti-Carjack System
35. RF-based multiple device control
This next project describes how to control electrical and electronic gadgets from a remote location using radio frequency (RF) transmission. This mini project is available at: RF-Based Multiple Device Control
36. Smart battery protector
This simple battery protector uses shunt regulator IC TL431 for its simplicity and marvelous functioning. Operating point can be set with a regulated supply
This project is available at: Smart battery protector
37. How To Make A Business Card Flashlight
Here we make a business card useful and unique by turning it into a business card flashlight. The essence of this project is that anyone can make it at home without any soldering or PCB. This project is available at: How To Make A Business Card Flashlight
38. Multimeter Test Leads from Scratch
Build your own multimeter test leads from material available in the market. These homemade test leads are low-cost and easy to use. This project is available at: Multimeter Test Leads from Scratch
39. USB MP3 Player
In this article you will find instructions to assemble a USB MP3 module and make a USB MP3 player. The module comes with a remote for your convenience… This project is available at: USB MP3 Player
40. Street Light Controller
Two of the problems commonly associated with street lights are false triggering due to slight variation in the intensity of ambient light and no control over switching action. Here is a simple street light controller with a switching circuit that overcomes these problems. This project is available at: Street Light Controller
41. Alcohol Level Tester
Here is a simple street light controller with a switching circuit that overcomes the problems of false triggerring and no switching capability. Check it out
This project is available at: Alcohol Level Tester
42. Battery-Discharge Measurement Circuit
Presented here is a circuit which you can measure the battery-life very easily. Here, an analogue clock tracks the discharge time of the battery used in battery-powered portable devices.
This project is available at: Battery-Discharge Measurement Circuit
43. Mini Rechargeable Power Supply
Presented here is a robust, compact and hand-held mini rechargeable power supply that delivers 9.2V and 5V up to 1A (approx.) and 3.3V up to 500mA.
This project is available at: Mini Rechargeable Power Supply
44. Four Frequencies Generator
This Four Frequencies Generator circuit produces fixed frequencies of 4MHz, 6MHz, 10MHz and adjustable square-wave with variable frequencies.
This project is available at: Four Frequencies Generator
45. Make Your Own Nifty Night Lamp
This circuit can be used to light a small area at night. It is useful as a nifty night lamp for bedroom, but it can also be used for other applications. This project is available at: Make Your Own Nifty Night Lamp